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Authors: S. HamidrezaHoseyni, Kourosh Rahimi, Behrad Barakati, AliSadeghi, S. MajidMohseni
Abstract: Magnetic anisotropy (MA) in magnetic multilayer structures plays a critical role in the design of future spintronic and magnetic devices. This property is more important for structures with a thickness of few angstroms, such as few-layer two-dimensional materials. Here, we determined the variation in the interface MA in mono- and bi-layer Co/phosphorene heterostructures via first-principles density functional theory calculations. We found that the MA of these structures was comparable to those of ferromagnet/heavy-metal interfaces, despite the small spin-orbit coupling strength of phosphorus atoms. The hybridization of the metal d and the phosphorene p orbitals is well manifested in the projected density of states of these systems. The strain dependence of the magnetic anisotropy energy (MAE) in bilayer Co/phosphorene heterostructures under uniaxial strains along zigzag and armchair directions of the phosphorene layer was investigated, indicating that the MAE of the system increases by more than 80% by applying the strain. More specifically, by utilizing the uniaxial tensile strain along the zigzag direction of this structure, we found that MA could vary from perpendicular to in-plane directions. Our findings indicate that interlayer hybrid bonds in two-dimensional layered materials can be a promising approach to tailoring the MA property.